The nasal septum is a bone and cartilage that form the divides the left and the right nostril.
Normally, the nasal septum lies in the center of the nasal cavity. However, it may get deviated to one side of the nose in some cases, which is known as Deviated Nasal Septum.
The nasal septum deviation, in its severe form, can block one side of the nose due to reduced airflow. This causes difficulty in breathing. Moreover, it may lead to drying of the nasal mucous and more chances of infection due to overexposure of air of the other side.
What causes the Nasal Septum Deviation?
Congenital – In most of the cases, the nasal septum deviation is genetic. It develops in utero, while the fetus is still within the womb. The cases were related to challenges that were faced during the birth or in babies with larger birth weight.
Trauma or Injury – Any injury during the birth may cause a deviation in cases of infants. Otherwise, it may be caused by an accident, fall or while playing sports.
There are some factors that might aggravate the symptoms of a deviated nasal septum such as swelling in the nasal tissues due to an infection or inflammation such as rhinitis or rhino sinusitis. Moreover, the natural process also leads to changes in the bone structures of the nose, which might create worsening of the problem.
Symptoms that indicate the nasal septum deviation
Complications such as dry mouth due to excessive mouth breathing increased pressure in the nasal passages and disturbed sleep may also occur if not treated on time.
How is it treated?
The condition is left untreated unless it is causing trouble to the patient. The first priority of the surgeon is to treat it non-surgically with some medications that help in reducing the swelling of the nasal tissues and treat conditions like cold, allergy or infection if any.
If the symptoms continue to persist, surgery is a choice. The nasal septum deviation surgery is known as Septoplasty. It involves correction of nasal septum by making a small incision.
The success rate of the surgery is very high. Most of the surgeries done by the Best ENT Surgeons in India are successful, do not reverse back and heal fast.
Recovery after the surgery
Cost of septoplasty in India
Some of the Best ENT Hospitals in India have the best infrastructure and modern devices to perform this time of surgery at reasonable costs. The average cost of the nasal septum deviation surgery in India lies around USD 2000.