IVF Surgery

What are the type of surgeries involved in IVF and Fertility treatment?

In 2012, more than 61,000 babies were born through the concept of IVF: In-Vitro Fertilisation in the United States. This means that out of 3.9 million births, 1.5 percent were IVF babies.

In Vitro Fertilisation: An Overview!

IVF is a medical procedure in which an egg is manually fertilized by a sperm outside the body. Afterward, the embryo formed is then transferred to the woman’s uterus. It is used to treat if the couple or either of them is sterilized. There are many factors responsible for infertility in males and females such as:

  • Damaged fallopian tubes
  • Decreased sperm count
  • Ovulation disorders or premature ovarian failure in women
  • Uterine fibroids in women
  • Genetic disorder in either of them

Are surgical procedures involved while addressing fertility issues and IVF treatment?

Yes, sometimes the situation demands surgical treatment for getting pregnant. These minimally invasive surgical procedures are performed with successful outcomes at the best IVF clinic in India. Depending on the situation, the surgical procedures carried out are:

Hysteroscopy: In this procedure, a tiny, thin camera: hysteroscope is inserted into the vagina through the vaginal opening to discover the exact cause of abnormal bleeding. Afterwards, the surgeon removes scar tissue, fibroids or polyps. Although you may experience cramping, nausea, shoulder pain (if carbon dioxide gas is used), dizziness or little bleeding for a day.

Laparoscopic and Robotic Laparoscopic Surgery: These procedures are quite similar in terms of smaller incisions, surgical instruments used and a camera to insert into reproductive organ to diagnose the exact cause. The surgeon removes the scarred tissue, cysts, abnormal fallopian tubes through smaller incisions in the abdomen.

Open Surgery: It is the conventional and oldest form of treatment carried out to treat fertility issues. This procedure is similar to cesarean section which is performed via a large incision in the abdomen. It is used to treat complex cases such as tubal reanastomosis that restores woman’s fertility after a tubal ligation. The patient has to stay for 2 nights as it is considered as a complicated process.

Egg Retrieval: It is a minimally invasive process in which the woman’s eggs are removed from the ovaries. In this process, the gynecologist uses a thin needle via a catheter via the vaginal wall to extract the eggs using a light suction. It takes only 15 minutes and the patient doesn’t feel anything as she will be given anesthesia. Nevertheless, she may seem to feel some soreness in her vaginal area, abdominal cramping for a few days. However, she will be given pain relievers for the same. The eggs extracted are immediately sent to the lab for freezing to carry out the further process.

Varicocelectomy: It is somehow, complicated process in which to remove the enlarged veins by making a small incision in the groin. It then restores proper blood flow in the reproductive organs. However, it may have a negative impact on the sperm count.

Vasovasostomy: In this procedure, vasectomies are partially reversed. It is basically carried out to treat the obstruction in the male genital tract. A small incision is made in the testicle to reconnect the vas deferens and enable sperm to re-enter into the seminal fluid.

Sperm Retrieval: When a man has a little to no sperm in the semen or no ejaculation at all, then sperm is collected from different parts of the reproductive tract using various techniques. To get positive outcomes, one should consult a good fertility specialist.

Final Thoughts:

As it’s a matter of one’s health, therefore, it is necessary to get multiple opinions before reaching to a final decision. One should get treated at a good IVF hospital which should be well-equipped with latest techniques for better outcomes with little to no side-effects.

About the Author Tarun Batra

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