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Category Archives for Health

IVF Surgery

What are the type of surgeries involved in IVF and Fertility treatment?

In 2012, more than 61,000 babies were born through the concept of IVF: In-Vitro Fertilisation in the United States. This means that out of 3.9 million births, 1.5 percent were IVF babies.

In Vitro Fertilisation: An Overview!

IVF is a medical procedure in which an egg is manually fertilized by a sperm outside the body. Afterward, the embryo formed is then transferred to the woman’s uterus. It is used to treat if the couple or either of them is sterilized. There are many factors responsible for infertility in males and females such as:

  • Damaged fallopian tubes
  • Decreased sperm count
  • Ovulation disorders or premature ovarian failure in women
  • Uterine fibroids in women
  • Genetic disorder in either of them

Are surgical procedures involved while addressing fertility issues and IVF treatment?

Yes, sometimes the situation demands surgical treatment for getting pregnant. These minimally invasive surgical procedures are performed with successful outcomes at the best IVF clinic in India. Depending on the situation, the surgical procedures carried out are:

Hysteroscopy: In this procedure, a tiny, thin camera: hysteroscope is inserted into the vagina through the vaginal opening to discover the exact cause of abnormal bleeding. Afterwards, the surgeon removes scar tissue, fibroids or polyps. Although you may experience cramping, nausea, shoulder pain (if carbon dioxide gas is used), dizziness or little bleeding for a day.

Laparoscopic and Robotic Laparoscopic Surgery: These procedures are quite similar in terms of smaller incisions, surgical instruments used and a camera to insert into reproductive organ to diagnose the exact cause. The surgeon removes the scarred tissue, cysts, abnormal fallopian tubes through smaller incisions in the abdomen.

Open Surgery: It is the conventional and oldest form of treatment carried out to treat fertility issues. This procedure is similar to cesarean section which is performed via a large incision in the abdomen. It is used to treat complex cases such as tubal reanastomosis that restores woman’s fertility after a tubal ligation. The patient has to stay for 2 nights as it is considered as a complicated process.

Egg Retrieval: It is a minimally invasive process in which the woman’s eggs are removed from the ovaries. In this process, the gynecologist uses a thin needle via a catheter via the vaginal wall to extract the eggs using a light suction. It takes only 15 minutes and the patient doesn’t feel anything as she will be given anesthesia. Nevertheless, she may seem to feel some soreness in her vaginal area, abdominal cramping for a few days. However, she will be given pain relievers for the same. The eggs extracted are immediately sent to the lab for freezing to carry out the further process.

Varicocelectomy: It is somehow, complicated process in which to remove the enlarged veins by making a small incision in the groin. It then restores proper blood flow in the reproductive organs. However, it may have a negative impact on the sperm count.

Vasovasostomy: In this procedure, vasectomies are partially reversed. It is basically carried out to treat the obstruction in the male genital tract. A small incision is made in the testicle to reconnect the vas deferens and enable sperm to re-enter into the seminal fluid.

Sperm Retrieval: When a man has a little to no sperm in the semen or no ejaculation at all, then sperm is collected from different parts of the reproductive tract using various techniques. To get positive outcomes, one should consult a good fertility specialist.

Final Thoughts:

As it’s a matter of one’s health, therefore, it is necessary to get multiple opinions before reaching to a final decision. One should get treated at a good IVF hospital which should be well-equipped with latest techniques for better outcomes with little to no side-effects.

Blood Clot Brain Surgery Cost in India

What is brain surgery?

Medical procedures by which structural problems in the brain are repaired is called brain surgery. There are various types of brain surgeries, depending on the area of the brain and the condition of the problem the type of surgery is used. New improved and advanced technologies have made it possible for surgeons to operate on part of the brain without making a single incision in or near head.

Brain is the most important part of a body as it regulates the whole body. The surgery of the brain is a critical and complicated process. Depending on the condition of the patient and the complexity involved, the surgeon select the type of surgery to be done.

Why brain surgery is done

The physical abnormalities of the brain are are corrected by Brain surgery. Which can be because of birth defect, disease, injury, or other problems.
A Person may need surgery if they face any of the following conditions in or around the brain:

  • abnormal blood vessels
  • Bleeding
  • blood clots
  • damage to the dura which is the protective tissue
  • Epilepsy
  • Abscesses
  • nerve damage or nerve irritation
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • pressure after head injury
  • skull fracture
  • Stroke
  • brain tumors
  • Building of fluid in the brain

Types of brain surgery

As per the condition and place of surgery to be made , surgeons decide the type of surgery to be opted for.

  • Craniotomy is done by making an incision in the scalp and creating a bone flap which is a hole in the skull.The hole and incision are made near the area of the brain being treated.

During open brain surgery, the surgeon may  remove tumor , or clip off an aneurysm, drain blood and fluid from the infection , and may remove abnormal brain tissues.

When the surgery is done the bone flap is placed back and fixed by placing plates and wires. This hole may be left open in some cases like when tumor is seen or when there is some infection or swelling in the brain .when it is left open the procedure is called as craniectomy.

Biopsy

In order to examine the brain tissue or tumor its close analysis is needed which is done by removing a small amount of tissue or tumor by making a small incision and hole in the skull.

Minimally invasive endonasal endoscopic surgery
In this type of surgery tumor or lesions are removed through nose and sinuses, because of which there is no need to make any incision to access the parts of the brain. An endoscope is used in the procedure which  is a telescopic device equipped with camera and lights to enable surgeons to see the site of work. This is used by doctors for tumors on pituitary gland, tumors on the base of the skull, tumors which are at the bottom of the brain.

Deep brain stimulation
In this procedure a small hole is made in the skull and rather than removing a piece of tissue, small electrode is inserted by surgeon into deep part of the brain.The electrode which is placed is connected to a battery in the chest ,and electric signals are transmitted by it to help symptoms of different disorders,such as parkinson’s disease.

The risks involved in brain surgery
As all the surgeries involve some risk factor depending on the condition of the patient, similarly the brain surgery which is a major medical surgery involves a higher amount of risk, some of them are:

  • allergic reaction to anesthesia
  • bleeding in the brain
  • a blood clot
  • brain swelling
  • Coma
  • impaired speech, vision, coordination, or balance
  • infection which can be in the brain or around the wound site
  • memory problems
  • Seizures
  • stroke

Finding the best doctor for blood clot brain surgery in India | Vaidam health

The brain surgery has a very high level of risk involved therefore the best team of doctors is needed to ensure successful surgery, VAIDAM HEALTH helps you to find the best doctors and hospitals in India and it will provide you all the information for a successful blood clot brain surgery and its cost in India . Vaidam is NABH certified platform which allows you to send your inquiry in the inquiry section on vaidam’s portal or give a call and our expert medical adviser will get in touch with you.

Follow up after brain surgery

After the successful brain surgery the patient is closely monitored to make sure that the functioning of the body is going smoothly . the patient is seated in raised position so that swelling can be prevented from face and brain of the patient.Time involved in recover Depends on the complications involved in the surgery and the type of surgery performed. Stay in hospital usually last up to a week or more which depends on the patient responding to the medications and recovery procedure.
Before getting discharge from hospital the further follow up checkups are allotted to the patient and a complete care process is explained.

 

Brain Tumor Surgery Cost in India

What is Brain Tumor Surgery?

It is the primary treatment which is done by doctors in order to remove the tumor from the brain without causing any serious damage. Brain tumor surgery is mostly done for non cancerous tumors. Depending on the condition of the patient different types of surgeries are performed to treat brain tumor. Craniotomy is the most common form of procedure for Brain Tumor. In this process, in order to expose the area of the brain over the tumor, a piece of bone is removed.

The outermost layer of your brain tissue will then be opened,and as the tumor is located it will be removed.then after replacing the bone the scalp is stitched back.

In following circumstances A Brain tumor surgery is needed.:

  • For doing detailed diagnosis doctors need sample of tumor
  • Generic treatment for tumors
  • In order to remove the tumor as much as possible, for relieving the patient from the symptoms that are caused by it or for limiting the amount of radiation and chemotherapy that you have to take for treatment
  • For relieving seizures that are caused by a tumor in the brain, which eventually gets difficult to control.

What are symptoms of brain tumour?

Symptoms actually vary from patient to patient as per their condition and level of tumor in the brain.many times symptoms are not even visible before the detection of the tumor.Some commonly witnessed symptoms are:

  • Frequent headaches
  • Eyesight problems
  • Malfunction in coordination
  • Seizures
  • Short-term memory loss
  • Certain changes in personality

Procedure of Brain Tumor Surgery:
Pre Procedure: some strict guidelines are to be followed before undergoing a Brain Tumor Surgery which are:

  • First thing which is done is the examining of patients condition so that doctors can decide which type of surgery is needed for the tumor. The procedure of the surgery is explained to the patient and patient can clear all the doubts, if any with the doctor.
  • As the surgery to be done is a major surgery, it is important to have a positive state of mind prior to the operation. Make sure that you get adequate rest, do not stress yourself and maintain a nutritious diet.Smoking and drinking should be strictly avoided.
  • All the blood thinning medications should be stopped prior to the surgery. Patient should follow the instructions given by your doctor.
  • A portion of the hair may have to be shaved before the surgery. The patients should follow the instructions given by the doctor.

During Procedure

Procedures that can be used for a brain tumor surgery depends on the patient’s condition:

  • open brain surgery also known as Craniotomy , the surgeon makes an incision in the scalp, creating a hole in your skull that is called bone fla, which is made near the area that requires treatment.. If the tumor is located near the areas that control your vision, speech and movement, this procedure of open brain surgery is used while you are awake, so that the surgeon can keep talking to patient to monitor the brain activity.
  • Minimally invasive endonasal endoscopic surgery – It is the procedure in which the surgeon removes the tumors through the nose and sinuses. An endoscope is used for this purpose and no incisions is made. tumors in the pituitary glands are treated by this procedure, ones at the base of your skull and tumors that grow in the bottom portion of the brain.
  • Minimally invasive neuroendoscopy – In order to get access to the affected part small holes are made in the skull. Endoscopes are used in this procedure too.

Post Procedure

After the successful surgery the patient will is shifted to ICU were all the vitals signs are closely monitored. To make sure the tumor has been removed completely an MRI is conducted shortly after the procedure. Initially, patient is laid down in a raised position to prevent the swelling on face and brain. You may have to stay in the hospital for a week or more, depending on the recovery procedure. The schedule for follow up procedure is given to the patient including appointments for several test which are to be conducted to know the recovery progress.Also therapists are their to help the patient to regain the strength to do the daily activities.

Brain Tumor and Its Cost In India| Vaidam Health

Planning to get treatment in India you can get complete guidance from expert medical assistant platform Vaidam Health which is NABH certified platform to help you to get connected with the best doctors of the country which are highly qualified and well experienced to give quality treatment to their patients.once you submit all your medical details our assistant can get you directly on conference call with the selected doctor.Vaidam provides you complete knowledge on Brain tumor surgery and its cost in India.The cost of Brain Tumor Surgery in India ranges between USD 5500 to USD 7500.Treatment for brain tumor depends on size, type and location of the tumor.Tests required to diagnose Brain Tumor are Neurological Exam, MRI and CT Scan.

Risk & Complication

As every surgery has some or the other risk factor and complications involved similarly in Brain tumor surgery also patient may face following risks and complications:

  • Anaesthesia which is given to the patient may have an allergic reaction.
  • Bleeding in the brain or Formation of blood clots can be seen in the patient.
  • Accumulation of excessive fluid in the brain or swelling in the brain
  • Inflammation of the  brain and spinal cord membranes, generally caused due to an infection
  • Spinal fluid may leak
  • Impaired vision, speech, balance or coordination
  • The site of the wound or the brain can be infected
  • Problems with memory
  • Seizures or stroke

Connect with Vaidam Health:

You can send your enquiry in the enquiry section on Vaidam’s portal or give a call and expert medical adviser will get in Touch with you to provide you all the details and help you in planning your treatment within your budget.

Valve Replacement

Heart Valve Disease Symptoms and Causes

Heart Valve Disease is related to heart problems. This problem occurs when one or more valves of your heart do not work properly. There are four valves in the heart. In heart valve disease, blood flow through the heart becomes interrupted. Having such a problem may affect your overall health.
The human heart has four heart valves with membrane structure. The valve’s work in the four-chambered heart is to maintain blood circulation in one direction. The valves are present at the entrance and exit of the upper and lower chambers. Their job is to carry blood forward and prevent them from returning. They become closed even with folded.

The valves engaged in the heart chamber are open and closed with each heart beat. If the heart valves are functioning properly then blood circulation is going forward without any obstruction. If there is contraction in the heart valve or any other problem, the blood does not go completely forward and returns to the rear. Through this article we are telling you about the causes and symptoms of Heart Valve Disease.

Heart Valve disease Reason

When the heart valves become shrinking or hardened, the heart muscles need to work hard to pull the blood. The problem of heart valve disease can also be congenital. Apart from this, this problem can also be caused by some kind of infections. In most cases the problem of heart valve disease is formed later. At times, the reason for such a problem is not known. This problem can also be caused by being afflicted with diseases.

Symptoms of Heart Valve disease

Heart valve disease usually disrupts the flow of blood from the person’s heart. The following are the symptoms of Heart Valve Disease.

  • Small breath
  • Problems with chest during work
  • Heartbeat with fast or intermittent pausing
  • Palpitation
  • Swelling of the legs, ankles and stomach
  • Weakness and laziness
  • Increasing weight with speed
  • Complications of chest pain
  • Feel tired

Treatment of Heart Valve Disease

The doctor will examine you before considering the problem of heart valve, depending on the symptoms. He will talk to you first for investigation. Only after the test will the doctor decide whether to repair or repair your valve after your valve surgery. If the valve is replaced then it is called Heart Valve Replacement Surgery. During the investigation the following steps are done.

With the opening and closing of the heart valve of the patient’s heart, he will feel the sound of blood passing through them.
Through the echocardiogram, the entire picture of the heart valve of the patient will be prepared.
After this magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) will be scanned, in which the picture inside the heart will be prepared through the magnetic field and radio waves.
A chest X-ray image will be taken to examine the patient’s heart.
The doctor will decide whether to repair the patient’s heart valve after the whole investigation or to replace the damaged valve with new valves.

If you are suffering from Heart Valve disease and want to consult with best Heart Valve Surgeon in India then you can contact Vaidam or call on +919650001746 and get to know heart valve replacement surgery cost in india at trusted hospitals. If you need a medical assistant from medical experts and Request a quote, get a free opinion, best treatment plan, medical visa assistance, travel assistance from Vaidam Health.

IVF treatment

What is a test tube baby and How IVF helps

You will also have a little bit of information about the test tube baby, because in the last few years, the number of people using this technique has increased greatly. In this way, taking information about test tube baby can be beneficial for you, so today we talk about this technique.

The name of technique associated with the birth of test tube baby is IVF in which the baby is born in the lab outside the womb of the woman.

In vitro fertilisation helps in test tube baby produce:

  • The eggs are separated from the ovaries of the woman.
  • These eggs are fertilized with the male sperm in the lab outside the body.
  • The embryo created by it is transplanted into the woman’s uterus.

This process of fertilization from IVF technology is used in such a couple, in which the number of contrasts in the male is very low.

In general, the number of eggs produced in the female ovary in one month is only one, but with this technique, such medicines are given to the woman, which causes more than one egg in the ovary. Doing this increases the likelihood of becoming a mbbrio.

After this, the woman is unconscious for 15 minutes and through the ultrasound image, a thin syringe is inserted to the ovary of the woman through vaginal path so that the eggs can be taken out from there.

After taking the eggs out of the woman’s body, healthy sperm is separated from the semen of the male in the lab and their fertilization is done by the woman’s eggs and for fertilization it is placed in the incubator. The embroo created in the incubator is fully monitored.

In 2 to 3 days the fertilized egg turns into ambrosia from 6 to 8 cells. Of these developed embryos, 2-3 embryos of good quality are selected for transplantation. Even 1 or more healthy embryos are selected from these embryos. This healthy fetus is delivered by a doctor through a thin tube in the woman’s uterus.

Visit Vaidam to find the Best IVF Specialist in India and get to know the IVF Treatment Cost in India or you want to get a medical assistant then call or whats-app on +919650001746.

After this, the procedure is normally done in the womb of the womb ie the implanted fetus develops in the womb just like the natural embryo.

cosmetic surgeon in india

How many types of cosmetic surgery are there?

As it is said that appearance matters a lot ,nowadays everyone is so conscious about their looks ,not only women even men are so much conscious for their appearance. Cosmetic Surgery is a permanent solution to improve a person’s appearance it is a type of plastic surgery which should be approached with caution.

Surgery is available for almost all parts of body. As the surgery is done to change your appearance permanently, a counselling is done by the doctor before getting you under scissors. Cosmetic surgery can improve the appearance of your skin by tightening treatments, adjust your facial features, can add or remove hair and much more.

This surgery is very useful for medical purposes like for people who have undergone some accident ,to restore the function of body part ,or to repair scars after accident.

Some of the common cosmetic surgeries include:

1.Breast Augmentation:

 Breast Implant Revision surgery, Breast Lift Surgery, Breast Reduction : It is the procedure by which size and shape of breasts can be changed.when the size is to be increased it is called  breast implant surgery .breast augmentation is different from breast lift and reduction these are all different procedures.

2. Dermabrasion: 

Laser Skin Resurfacing ,Chemical Peel ,Chemical Peel Light : Gentle sanding down the top layer of the skin by using special tools is dermabrasion. As the top layer is removed the area heals and new skin appears to replace the old as a result you get smoother looking skin. Dermabrasion is usually used to remove acne scars,age spots, crow’s feet,growths or lesions on the skin,sun-damaged skin,wrinkles.

3. Facelift: 

Body Contouring ,Body Lift Surgery, Arm lift : Giving a proper shape to your body and face is done by cosmetic body lift and face lift surgery respectively.It repairs sagging ,loose,drooping, or wrinkled skin .During the process of the surgery ,tissues of the targeted area are lifted ,excess skin is removed,and skin is replaced over repositioned contours. Nose reshaping ,forehead lifts and eyelid surgery are also common procedures.

4. Hair transplantation:

Reducing the bald appearance by hair transplantation surgery, in this procedure bald area is covered by moving hairs from other thick growth area. Number of sessions are allotted as per the need of the patient. No long term care is needed after hair transplantation as it is a permanent procedure most of hair transplantation surgery results in hair growth afterward.

5. Rhinoplasty:

Surgery to reshape and repair the nose is known as rhinoplasty. This surgery also helps in recovery from breathing defects and birth defects.
Rhinoplasty can be used to:

  • Increase or reduce the size of the nose
  • Correct problems following an injury
  • Correct birth defects
  • Relieve or improve breathing problems
  • Narrow the shape of the nostrils
  • Change the shape of the bridge
  • Change the angle of the nose

6. Lip augmentation:

Lips affect the facial appearance a lot this surgery gives the patient fuller looking lips. Lip volume,shape and structure are increased using injectable dermal fillers. It is not a permanent surgery as it lasts around 6 months and then second section is done.

7. Liposuction:

 Non-Surgical Fat Reduction: Improving the shape of the body by removing fat deposits is done under liposuction.It is not a weight loss process. Vacuum-suction canula a pen shaped instrument is used to directly remove the fat deposits beneath the skin. In a single day more than one area can be targeted, this surgery can be done on the thighs, hips ,back, stomach ,arms, etc. It is also used to reduce the size of breast in men.

Complications of Cosmetic Surgery

As the surgery which takes place is permanent therefore it may have some complications as any surgery which takes place has a risk of complications.

You must take proper care as suggested by the surgeon after surgery but if you notice any of the following symptoms after surgery you must consult your doctor. Signs can be pain in the affected area, visual disturbance, appearance of white skin near the injected area ,signs of stroke. Decision to go for a cosmetic surgery should be taken carefully after taking advice of your health care expert or your family doctor.

Choosing the best cosmetic surgeon | Vaidam health

It is important to choose a surgeon who is qualified and accredited by a professional board, Vaidam Health is NABH certified platform which helps to connect with best cosmetic surgeon in India and get full information about the procedure and you can weigh up all the pros and cons beforehand with the expert medical adviser .Vaidam allows you to send your query on the vaidam’s portal or give a call and vaidam’s team will get back to you.

Kidney Failure: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Kidneys are pair of organs which filter blood and remove toxins from body. These toxins are sent to bladder and body removes toxins during urination. The kidneys make hormones that control blood pressure, maintain blood metabolism and production of red blood cells. Kidney failure occurs when kidneys lose the ability to filter waste from blood. Many factors can interfere with kidney function and health such as:

  • Kidney Trauma
  • Severe Dehydration
  • Chronic and Acute Diseases
  • Toxic exposure to certain medications

End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) or Kidney-failure is the last stage of chronic kidney disease. When kidney fails, it is difficult to survive without kidney transplant or dialysis at  Best Nephrology Hospitals in India.

Types

There are various types of kidney failure:

  • Acute Intrinsic Kidney Failure: It can be caused by trauma to the kidneys, such as accident or physical impact. The other reasons for this disease are ischemia, which means lack of oxygen to the kidneys.
  • Acute Prerenal Kidney Failure: This problem arises when kidneys don’t get sufficient blood flow. Without enough blood flow, it is difficult for kidney to filter toxins from the blood.
  • Chronic Prerenal Kidney Failure: When kidney didn’t get enough blood for extended period of time, kidneys begin to shrink.
  • Chronic Intrinsic Kidney Failure: This happens when kidney suffers from long-term damage or direct trauma to the kidneys.
  • Chronic Post-Renal Kidney Failure: When long-term blockage of urinary tract prevents urination, which causes pressure and kidney damage.

Causes

The causes of kidney failures are:

  • Insufficient of blood flow to the kidneys

Insufficient blood flow or sudden loss of blood flow to kidney can cause kidney failure. Some conditions that that cause loss of blood flow are:

    • Heart Disease
    • Dehydration
    • Liver failure
    • Heart Attack
    • Severe Infection
    • Anti-inflammatory medications can also disturb blood flow.
  • Urine elimination problems

Cancer (colon, cervical, bladder or prostate cancer) can block the urine passageways, building up toxins and overloading the kidneys. Other conditions interfering urination include:

  • Enlarged Prostate
  • Kidney Stones
  • Damage of nerves that control bladder

Other causes

Some other conditions that may lead to kidney failure are:

  • Infection
  • Overload of toxins from heavy metals
  • Blood clot around your kidneys
  • Antibiotics
  • Uncontrolled Diabetes
  • Chemotherapy drugs
  • Multiple Myeloma
  • Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
  • Lupus
  • Drugs and alcohol

Symptoms

Sometimes there are few symptoms and sometimes none are present. The symptoms include:

  • Swelling of ankles, legs and feet
  • Reduced amount of urine
  • Fatigue or Excessive drowsiness
  • Persistent nausea
  • Seizures
  • Pain in chest
  • Shortness of breath

Diagnosis for kidney failure

The several tests to diagnose kidney failure are:

  • Urine volume measurements

It is one of the simplest tests to diagnose kidney failure. The low urinary output means kidney disease is due to urinary blockage.

  • Blood Samples

The blood test is done to measure substances that are filtered by kidneys such as creatinine (Cr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN). A rise in these substances level can indicate kidney failure.

  • Imaging

Tests such as CT, MRIs and ultrasound provide images of kidney and find any blockage.

  • Kidney Tissue Sample

In this test, doctor will use kidney biopsy to collect tissue sample. Biopsy is a simple procedure in which sample is collected with the help of biopsy needle inserted through skin down to the kidney.

  • Urinalysis

The doctor takes urine sample to test for ay abnormalities, such as abnormal sugar or protein.

Treatment

The type of treatment to be done depends on the reason of kidney failure. The best nephrologist in India will determine the best treatment option, which may include:

  • Dialysis

In dialysis, blood is filtered using a machine. This machine performs the function of the kidneys. Depending on the type of dialysis, patient may be connected to portable catheter bag or a large machine. It is not cure for kidney failure, but can extend life if one goes to scheduled treatments.

  • Kidney transplant

Another treatment option is a kidney transplant. One has to wait to receive a donor kidney that is compatible. The advantages of transplant are that new kidney will work properly and dialysis is not required. Patient have to take immunosuppressive drugs after the surgery and these drugs have their own side effects.

Preventing kidney failure

There are various preventative steps that one can take to reduce the risk of kidney failure. Taking medication that is too high can increase toxin levels in body. This can overload the kidneys. Whenever possible, limit exposure to chemicals and other toxic products.

Coronary artery bypass surgery

symptoms of coronary artery disease, investigation and treatment

Bypass surgery also called Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) is a surgical procedure performed to improve the blood flow through blocked artery of heart wherein a blood vessel (graft)from another part of the bodyis taken and an alternative route or a bypass is created.

Heart Bypass surgery cost in India ranges from USD 4500 to USD 6000 which may vary depending upon the specialist chosen, hospital , number of days in hospital , follow up costs .

For most of the patients who have heart bypass surgery, the graft stays open and works well for many years.

atherosclerosis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The cardiologist will advice CABG depending upon the severity of coronary heart disease, history of previous treatments, general health condition. Bypass is generally performed in cases of

Severe Coronary artery disease or atherosclerosis where coronary arteries become narrow due to fatty deposits thereby reducing blood flow causing an increased risk of heart attack .

When the blockage cannot be managed by medication or balloon angioplasty

Symptoms of coronary artery disease

  • Angina
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Easy Fatigue,Breathlessness on slight exertion
  • Palpitations
  • Swelling in the hands and feet

Investigations 

  • Coronary Angiography performed using dye to study the flow of blood through the coronary arteries, thus locating blockages.
  • Stress Test performed while the heart is working hard due to physical exercises
  • Echocardiography provides information about the size, shape, functioning of heart’s chambers and valves

coronary artery bypass

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bypass Surgery is performed under General anaesthesia with incision in the chest.Grafts can be taken from saphenous vein from the leg, internal mammary artery (IMA), or most commonly radial artery.

The  procedure takes 4 to 6 hours after that the patent is shifted to intensive care unit for monitoring, the patient is hospitalized for  4-7 days.Full recovery may take around two to three months depending on the fitness, age and the severity of the problem.

After bypass surgery there is relief from Angina and improved quality of living and better survival rate.

Recommended

Top doctors for bypass surgery in India

Bypass surgery does not prevent the blockage from recurring, but lifestyle and diet modifications are helpful in long run and patient can live symptom free for 10-15 years.

What are the causes of pain post knee replacement surgery

Knee replacements although complexed, however, are the common surgical procedures with high success rates. A knee replacement is performed when the knee joint is worn. It could be due to sports activity, wear and tear arthritis, a sudden jolt, etc.

How is it performed? What is the success rate?

In this process, damaged cartilage is removed and the end of the bones are shaped where a metal implant is fitted with a plastic spacer to fill the space between the implants. This surgical procedure allows for a smooth and natural movement of a joint.

Approximately 90 percent of outcomes are positive once the surgical procedure and rehabilitation part is done.

However, the remaining 10 percent tends to have negative or painful results due to postoperative infection or bone fracture around the replacement. In most cases, the main reason is the consistent pain around the newly placed joint.

What are the causes of pain?

It is important to find the main cause of pain behind the persistent discomfort due to insertion of implant. Following are the reasons that fall under these circumstances:

 

  • Loosening of the implant: This kind of problem can generate ever after years or decades post replacement. Somehow, this cause is quite rare right after the surgery.

 

  • Kneecap Problems: This is a common cause of knee replacement pain that can occur post surgery. These kneecaps become a headache even with a normal activity such as standing up while sitting, walking down/up the stairs, etc. Hence, one should get operated from the skilled and best knee replacement surgeon in India.
  • Infection: Infection is a common but serious problem post surgery. It is directly proportional to the pain generated. The more you experience pain, the more you are prone to get infected. While it is obvious to get infected post-surgery, some infections become the cause of continuous discomfort.
  • Alignment Issues: While some people are more concerned about the implant brand, the surgeon are mainly focused on how it should be inserted. If the implant is poorly placed, it wouldn’t function properly and becomes painful instead.

Diagnosis

Your physician can only diagnose the exact cause of pain if you communicate with them properly. It is only you who can describe the exact type and location of pain to come to a conclusion. If you’re able to tell the exact location of the pain, then your physician may be able to detect the underlying cause. However, it could be due to implant loosening, kneecap problem, swelling, redness or fever.

Radiology Tests

A regular may not be able to show up the exact reason. Therefore, a bone scan, MRI or specialty imaging tests are done to find the root cause of pain. MRI is best suitable in case of soft tissue injuries or to detect if the infection is related to bursitis or tendonitis.

Lab Tests

Lab tests are quite successful in defining the presence of infection. Performing tests on the affected area are quite risky and sensitive for identifying the infected area. Therefore, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and a C-reactive protein (CRP) tests are used to detect the suspicion of infection.

Arthrocentesis is another procedure which is proven to be helpful. This involves the insertion of a needle into the joint to extract some fluid from around the implant. The fluid extracted also known as synovial fluid is then tested to discover the signs or cause of painful replacement.

According to a study, it is found that only 1-3% of knee replacement surgeries get infected and is the root cause of knee revision surgery.

Treatment

Once the tests are done and your physician has detected the main reason behind it. You will be treated accordingly. You may be given medications or physical therapy according to the degree of the pain else a revision knee replacement surgery is needed in case of loosening or alignment issues. Your surgeon gives the right guidance regarding what kind of treatment is suitable for you.

Final Thoughts

While the knee replacement surgeries have the highest success rate, there are some people who experience pain or worse post-surgery. This could be frustrating, but it is important to stay calm and seek a second opinion as there are chances that a revision replacement surgery would do no change.

bone-marrow-transplant

BMT – A Cure for Many Diseases

What is Bone Marrow?

Bone marrow is the spongy and soft tissue inside bones that produces blood cells. Blood-forming cells are found in the umbilical cord blood and blood stream. These cells turn into blood cells including:

  • Platelets, which controls bleeding
  • Red blood cells, which carry oxygen throughout the body
  • White blood cells, which fight infections

What is Bone Marrow Transplant?

A bone marrow transplant is a procedure to replace destroyed or damaged bone marrow with healthy one. This blood stem cells travel to bone marrow and produce new blood cells. There are three types of Bone Marrow Transplants:

  • Autologous transplant

In Autologous Transplant, patient’s own blood-forming cells are collected, stored and frozen. They are then transferred to patient after chemotherapy or radiation. Doctor will decide when to collect the cells from patient, which are then frozen at bone marrow transplant hospitals in India until patient needs transplant.

  • Allogeneic transplant

In allogeneic transplant, marrow is taken from unrelated donor. The donor can be family member or someone else. Patient get donated blood-forming cells from umbilical cord blood. This is the blood collected from placenta and umbilical cord after a baby is born.

  • Haploidentical transplant

Haploidentical transplant is type of allogeneic transplant in which cells are collected from half-matched donor. The donor is a family member.

How are cells collected?

  • Autologous transplant

For autologous transplant, there two options to collect cells:

  • Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Collection (PBSC):

The cells collected from patients blood stream, this process is known as apheresis. Before apheresis, patient gets shots for few days to increase number of cells in blood stream. During apheresis, blood is removed from vein through an intravenous (IV) line, passed through vein and transferred back to vein. The machine collects the cells that will be used for transplant.

  • Bone marrow collection:

In this procedure, cells are collected from hip bone before surgery. Patient get anesthesia and doctor uses a special needle to take out blood-forming cells from bone marrow.

  • Allogeneic transplant

The doctor tests blood to find patient’s Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) type. HLA is a protein found in cells of body. The best outcomes happen when patient’s HLA is closely matches the donor’s HLA. Matching HLA markers is complex and once matched it helps to lower the risks after transplant. Doctor will look for matching donor in family usually sister or brother, because we inherit HLA markers from parents. Each sibling has 25% chances of completely matching patient.

About 70% of patients who need transplant don’t have match in their family. So, doctor will help you to search donor as soon as possible.

  • Haploidentical

Haploidentical, or half-matched, donor is patient’s mother, father or child. Siblings have 50% chance of being half-match for each other and parents are half-match for children. This is a newer type of transplant, this means not all transplant centers perform this type of transplant

How does transplant work?

Transplant process includes various phases – stem cell collection from donor, conditioning with chemotherapy or radiotherapy, stem cell infusion, pre-engraftment bone marrow suppression and post-engraftment follow up.

Before transplant, patient gets chemotherapy, radiation therapy or both to destroy the diseased blood-forming cells and marrow. Then, damaged cells are replaced with healthy cells. These new cells go into bloodstream through intravenous (IV) line. The cells travel to marrow where they grow and start making healthy white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets.

Average time taken for engraftment is 3-4 weeks. After that patient is discharged and kept on oral medications to prevent infections and diseases. After the bone marrow transplant in India, the patient is monitored for first 3-6 months of transplant. The patient recovers completely in 3-12 months.

What diseases can BMT treat?

Bone marrow or cord blood transplant is the best treatment option for a cure for patients with lymphoma, leukemia, sickle cell anemia and many other diseases. Bone marrow transplant can treat:

  • Leukemia
  • Lymphoma
  • Aplastic Anemia
  • Sickle Cell Disease 
  • Multiple Myeloma (MM) 
  • Hodgkin’s lymphoma 
  • Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) 
  • Myelofibrosis 
  • Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma 
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) 
  • Neuroblastoma 
  • Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML)
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